First, you need to be able to identify the fish. Can you tell a herring from an alewife? An American shad from a hickory shad? A northern snakehead from a bowfin?
fishing license (visible on your person) at all times on BOTH shorelines.
There are no trash receptacles so if you pack it in, pack it out. It is a good idea to bring an empty trash bag with you to be a good steward and fill it up on your walk out. It won't take but five minutes, trust me. Leave the bags at the trail heads and the rangers will remove them.
It is illegal to remove American shad, hickory shad, and 'River Herring' aka alewives and blueback herring from the river. All fish must be caught with rod and reel (Tenkara should be ok. I've had no issues using Tenkara for shad).
Keep it fun, keep it safe. There were around two dozen deaths in the Mather Gorge last year. Producer Jason and I were fishing when the search for a body was called off, the man's body was found two weeks later). He fell off wet rocks.
I have been tying flies by the dozens for myself, clients, and Tochterman's Fly Shop.I've gone through about six yards of hot pink chenille and will have to get some next week when I'm in Baltimore.
Below is a list of sites you need to know for this year. You'll want to look for water temps in the mid to high 50's as that is the viable shad spawn and fertilization temperature. Fletcher's won't rent boats if the gauge is above 5' at Little Falls. Thus that is a good indicator of high water. You cannot fish with more than three flies at a time. You should call the park police for any illegal activity (wading, use of nets, open fires, etc).
- Fletcher's Cove Fishing Map updated just about daily
- NOAA Advanced Hydrologic Predictions
- USGS Little Falls Gauge
- Shad Cam
- TPFR Forum
- My Shad Podcast - Click To Stream (no pun intended)
- DC Fishing Regulations
- Mike's Catch Report
- Charlie's Fishing Report
- National Park Police Numbers
- Fletcher's Boat House (Gatorade, hot dogs, shad darts, fishing license, water fountain, terlet)
- Fletcher's shad identification images
- Falmouth Flats Fly Fishers Forum
- My Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram (links on this page).
- 9'-10' single handed or 11'-12'9" two handed
- Medium to fast action
- Floating or sink tip from land
- Sink tip or full sink from boat
- Shad flies 1" long, shiny, barbless, short tail
- 8lb Berkley Vanish tippet
- Sunscreen (to prevent sun and wind burn)
- Rubber bag net (don't hold them by their bellies they'll cut you #scutes )
- Waders or Welllies (no wading up here, if you do, you'll die).
If you need ideas for shad flies, the one's I suggest are my Snowhite Damels, shad puffs, shad jigs, and shad busters. Any 1" Clouser, generic bonefish fly etc will work. Urban Angler in Alexandria and Orvis in Arlington both have selections of proven patterns. I've also seen these spoons work crazy good.
THERE IS ONE GREAT FLY THEY ALL WORK SOME BETTER THAN OTHERS
ITS NOT JUST THE PATTERN YOU FISH, ITS HOW YOU FISH IT.
Here are some fly tying tutorials. The Snowhite Damsel is my #1 go to fly during the shad run:
And watch out for poison ivy